Stress fractures are hairline cracks in a bone caused by the repetitive application of force, often by overuse, such as repeatedly jumping up and down or running long distances. Stress fractures may also occur without overuse in bone that is weakened by medical conditions condition such as Osteoporosis.
There are many factors that may increase the likelihood of sustaining a stress fracture such as foot posture, footwear, a rapid change in activity levels and type, training surfaces, diet and other medical conditions.
In general, treatment for stress fractures includes addressing any of the above issues that may predispose to stress fractures such as:
There are certain bones within the foot and lower leg that are known to heal slowly or incompletely therefore requiring more aggressive management, often with a period of immobilisation in some form of splint or brace. A podiatrist is well aware of which bones are within this group and can therefore provide advice on the most appropriate treatment.